Food chain supply and antibiotics
Antibiotic treatments in zootechnology and effects induced on the food chain of domestic species and, comparatively, the human specie
Antibiotics are largely employed in zootechnical feed to preserve human and animal species from zoonosis due pathogenic infective agents.
Due to the increasing number of pathologies related to diet (e.g. food intolerances), we investigated the toxic effects induced by antibiotics residues, oxytetracyclines, present within the industrial food on both human and domestic animals' health. Zootechnical products obtained from animal bones industrial transformation, and their related toxic effects have been pointed out.
Comparative analysis of published papers has been conducted from 1910 up to 2014.
The comparative analysis revealed the presence of oxytetracycline residues and other antibiotics in food intended for human and animal consumption, which resulted in multisystemic toxic effects.
Either metabolism and possible measures to prevent exposure to oxytetracycline have also been examined, however a more detailed understanding of biochemical effects of such class of antibiotics is required.